How to Grow Strawberries

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How to Grow Strawberries

**Strawberries are highly productive plants that make a wonderful groundcover in the garden.

**Most types are now very disease resistant. It is a herbaceous perennial. They spread by runners.

**There are a few strawberry varieties:

A)     June-bearing or Short-day: forms flower buds in the fall, becomes dormant in the winter, flowers and fruits in the spring. Most widely grown type of strawberry.

B)      Day-neutral: yield fruit almost continuously from spring through fall. These are becoming increasingly popular. These strawberries are sensitive to high soil temperatures, so make sure to use a mulch to regulate itsโ€™ soil temps. These plants perform best in cooler climates, especially zone 5.

C)      Alpine: less well known in America, the fruit is small but very tasty. These do not spread by runners and will bear fruit from spring to fall like the day-neutral ones.

 

**Due to new varieties that arrive every year, it is best to talk to local plant experts for advice that pertains to your particular neighborhood.**

 

Position:

**Select the site for your strawberry bed 1 year in advance.

**Do not plant strawberries where potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, or raspberries have been planted for the past 5 years because they might have carried a certain organism that is a serious problem for the health of your strawberries.

**Strawberries require full sun and good soil and air drainage.

**A gentle slope improves air drainage for the flower buds, but too steep of a slope will make it difficult to harvest and promote possible soil erosion.

**These plants will grow in a wide range of soil types from sand to heavy loam and are not very sensitive to pH levels.

**If you do not have enough land to grow strawberries, you could always grow them in something like this.

 

Propagation/Planting:

**Keep strawberry plants in a shady area or refrigerator until planting.

**Place the roots in water for a half hour before planting. Do not allow the roots to dry out.

**Strawberries are best planted in April, it is not recommended to plant them after June.

 

Maintenance:

**Clear the soil of grubs before planting.

**Due to their shallow root system, they are sensitive to water, both too much and too little is bad for the plant.

**Avoid over-watering because it produces bland-tasting berries.

**To avoid stress on a new plant, remove the flower buds in the first spring until July (this allows the plant to focus on establishing itsโ€™ roots).

**Mulch over the plants for the winter to protect them from the cold/frost/varied soil temperatures.

**Remove the mulch from the tops of the plants in early spring after the danger of frost is past.

**Make sure to constantly weed (or weeds will harm the root system).

**After a harvest is complete, clean up involves removing the mother plants when they are 3-4 years old, thinning the plants, and giving the plants a healthy covering of compost.

**Strawberry flower buds and fruit as susceptible to frost, so protect them during frost dangers!

 

Harvesting:

**Berries should be harvested every 2 to 3 days.

**Pick the berries when they are fully colored and pick them in the morning after the plants have dried.

**Keep the picked berries out of direct sunlight and preferably in a refrigerator.

 

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Comments (14)

Raven,

Love all these strawberry growing tips. I have always had problems getting a good harvest from my plants. I’ll definitely be trying your suggestions, and this year I’ll be hoping for a bountiful harvest. ๐Ÿ™‚

Blessings,
Lisa

Thanks! I hope these tips help you out. Let me know how it goes! ๐Ÿ™‚

Thank you for all the information. Very helpful.

Great tutorial! Thanks for sharing on the HomeAcre Hop. Come back and see us this week: http://everythinghomewithcarol.com/self-sufficient-homeacre-hop-2/

Thanks! I enjoy the HomeAcre Hop very much!

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I’ve had great luck growing mine..even with benign neglect..but the rolypolies are eating them up. What’s a good way to keep that from happening? I’ve tried putting paper plates around the plant, and even some plastic supports.

Hmmm…you could try food-grade diatomaceaous earth? You have to add more every 3-4 days or after it rains, but that might help!

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I grow everbearing strawberries in a pot on my deck, since it’s so handy to pop a few into my mouth with morning coffee. ๐Ÿ™‚

[…] overwhelmed with a harvest day, I just upkeep my garden while I am watering it. I pick any edible strawberries as I water them. I cut some kale leaves and arugula every day. I will pick beans every day once […]

My strawberries were just great and producing lots if berries n then bam just stopped, the plants are growing huge n nice an green but the berries just stopped after the 2nd week. What happened? There Ever bearing N Last Yr They Gave Berries untIL frost.

Maybe they need some natural feed?

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